Europarl study on gender equality in Sweden

This note provides an overview of the situation of women’s rights and gender equality in Sweden focusing on recent developments. It notably covers the areas of equal participation in decision-making, women in the labour market, reconciliation of private and professional life, eradication of gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health and rights, gender stereotypes and promotion of gender equality in external development policies.

Pew report on Americans’ attitudes towards surveillance, privacy and security

The surveillance revelations from Edward Snowden have focused a spotlight on the relationship between privacy and security in the digital age. Some argue that those with “nothing to hide” have nothing to fear. Others argue that surveillance powers on the part of both states and companies have gone too far and need to be reined in if fundamental human rights are to be preserved in democracies.

A new Pew Research Center survey indicates that privacy rates highly in American considerations of daily life, and that they feel a sense of pervasive ubiquitous surveillance, as well as a loss of control regarding data about them collected.

ou can download the report here.

Report on Public Service Media by European Audiovisual Observatory

A report on the public service media remit in 40 member countries has been issued by the European Audiovisual Observatory.
The comparative tables provided in the report include information on:
– the adopting bodies,
– the concerned broadcasters,
– the legal sources defining the remit, with mention of the specific articles,
– the links to the texts in their original language and an English translation where available.

Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime

The Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime entails an extension of the Cybercrime Convention’s scope, including its substantive, procedural and international cooperation provisions, so as to cover also offences of racist or xenophobic propaganda. Thus, apart from harmonising the substantive law elements of such behaviour, the Protocol aims at improving the ability of the Parties to make use of the means and avenues of international cooperation set out in the Convention (ETS No. 185) in this area.

Media (In)Dependence in Bulgaria: Risks and Trends

As a result of the economic crisis of 2009 and the rise in internet usage, print media in Bulgaria lost a significant portion of its traditional financing and became an easy target for external influence. At the beginning of the 2010s, oligarchic groups accumulated a ‘media empire’ (including print and online media, TV, printing and distribution facilities) that engaged in political engineering, utilizing media as a direct tool for state capture during the political crisis of 2013 – 2014.

For more details, read the related policy brief.

The Freedom of Information Act 2000

The Freedom of Information Act 2000 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public “right of access” to to government-held information. The intent is to allow private individuals and corporations reasonable access to information while minimizing the risk of harm to any entity. The concept was first put forward in 1997, was passed in 2000 and came into full effect in 2005. You can access the official document here.

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU brings together in a single document the fundamental rights protected in the EU. The Charter contains rights and freedoms under six titles: Dignity, Freedoms, Equality, Solidarity, Citizens’ Rights, and Justice. Proclaimed in 2000, the Charter has become legally binding on the EU with the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, in December 2009.

You can access the document here.

The European Convention

The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, better known as the European Convention on Human Rights, was opened for signature in Rome on 4 November 1950 and came into force in 1953. It was the first instrument to give effect to certain of the rights stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and make them binding.

Since its adoption in 1950 the Convention has been amended a number of times and supplemented with many rights in addition to those set forth in the original text.

Transfrontier Television

The European Convention on Transfrontier Television was opened for signing on 5 May 1989 by the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers. It came into force on 1 May 1993. The Protocol amending the Convention was adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 September 1998 and was opened for acceptance by the Parties to the present Convention on 1 October 1998. The Protocol takes effect when all the Parties to the current Convention have accepted it or, alternatively, two years after it has been opened for acceptance (i.e., 1 October 2000), unless a State which is a Party to the Convention has lodged an objection to this automatic entry into force. The revised European Convention on Transfrontier Television and its Explanatory Report can be accessed here.