Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet

A report published by UNESCO on providing a new perspective on the social and political dynamics behind the threats to expression. It develops a conceptual framework on the ‘ecology of freedom of expression’ for discussing the broad context of policy and practice that should be taken into consideration in discussions of this issue. Click here

Global survey on internet privacy and freedom of expression

A survey published by UNESCO seeking to identify the relationship between freedom of expression and Internet privacy, assessing where they support or compete with each other in different circumstances. Click here

Fostering freedom online: the role of internet intermediaries

A report published by UNESCO on how intermediaries – services that mediate online communication and enable various forms of online expression – both foster and restrict freedom of expression across a range of jurisdictions, circumstances technologies, and business models. Click here

Building digital safety for journalism: a survey of selected issues

Report on the digital safety of journalists published by UNESCO. Click here

Countering Online Hate Speech

UNESCO has published a report on the dynamics characterizing hate speech online and some of the measures that have been adopted to counteract and mitigate it, highlighting good practices that have emerged at the local and global level. This report also places particular emphasis on social and non-regulatory mechanisms that can help to counter the ...

Principles for governing the Internet

UNESCO has launched a new study called “Principles for governing the Internet”. This reviews and analyses more than 50 Internet-specific declarations and frameworks relevant to Internet principles. Click here  

IRIS Special – Online activities of public service media: remit and financing

The European Audiovisual Observatory has published an IRIS Special entitled “Online activities of public service media: remit and financing“.

Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists

The European Audiovisual Observatory has published its IRIS Themes report on Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. To access the PDF, please check here.

The rule of law on the Internet and in the wider digital world

The rule of law on the Internet and in the wider digital world – Issue Paper, Executive summary and Commissioner’s recommendations Issue paper published by the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights

Respecting the rule of law on the Internet and in the wider digital environment

Respecting the rule of law on the Internet and in the wider digital environment – by the Council of Europe [PDF]