Media (In)Dependence in Bulgaria: Risks and Trends

As a result of the economic crisis of 2009 and the rise in internet usage, print media in Bulgaria lost a significant portion of its traditional financing and became an easy target for external influence. At the beginning of the 2010s, oligarchic groups accumulated a ‘media empire’ (including print and online media, TV, printing and distribution facilities) that engaged in political engineering, utilizing media as a direct tool for state capture during the political crisis of 2013 – 2014.

For more details, read the related policy brief.