Incitement in media content and political discourse in Member States of the European Union

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) publishes a paper that provides a snapshot of manifestations of incitement in media content and political discourse against different groups in EU Member States. The paper outlines the European and International legal framework governing such cases, substantiated by relevant case law examples. Highlighting that members of minority groups ...

‘Violence, threats and pressures against journalists and other media actors in the European Union’ 2016

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) reports that free and pluralist media is vital to the democratic functioning of the European Union (EU) and its Member States. However, journalists and other media actors in the EU face various challenges, including violence, threats and other forms of pressure, both direct and indirect.

Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. It recognizes that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. The Agenda consists of 17 ...

Europarl study on gender equality in Sweden

This note provides an overview of the situation of women’s rights and gender equality in Sweden focusing on recent developments. It notably covers the areas of equal participation in decision-making, women in the labour market, reconciliation of private and professional life, eradication of gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health and rights, gender stereotypes and promotion of ...

Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime

The Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime entails an extension of the Cybercrime Convention’s scope, including its substantive, procedural and international cooperation provisions, so as to cover also offences of racist or xenophobic propaganda. Thus, apart from harmonising the substantive law elements of such behaviour, the Protocol aims at improving the ability of the ...

The Freedom of Information Act 2000

The Freedom of Information Act 2000 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public “right of access” to to government-held information. The intent is to allow private individuals and corporations reasonable access to information while minimizing the risk of harm to any entity. The concept was first put forward ...

Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and Explanatory Report

The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM) is a multilateral treaty of the Council of Europe aimed at protecting the rights of minorities. It came into effect in 1998 and by 2009 it had been ratified by 39 member states. The official document can be found here.

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU brings together in a single document the fundamental rights protected in the EU. The Charter contains rights and freedoms under six titles: Dignity, Freedoms, Equality, Solidarity, Citizens’ Rights, and Justice. Proclaimed in 2000, the Charter has become legally binding on the EU with the entry into force ...

The European Convention

The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, better known as the European Convention on Human Rights, was opened for signature in Rome on 4 November 1950 and came into force in 1953. It was the first instrument to give effect to certain of the rights stated in the Universal Declaration of ...

Transfrontier Television

The European Convention on Transfrontier Television was opened for signing on 5 May 1989 by the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers. It came into force on 1 May 1993. The Protocol amending the Convention was adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 September 1998 and was opened for acceptance by the Parties to ...