Incitement in media content and political discourse in Member States of the European Union

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) publishes a paper that provides a snapshot of manifestations of incitement in media content and political discourse against different groups in EU Member States. The paper outlines the European and International legal framework governing such cases, substantiated by relevant case law examples. Highlighting that members of minority groups ...

‘Violence, threats and pressures against journalists and other media actors in the European Union’ 2016

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) reports that free and pluralist media is vital to the democratic functioning of the European Union (EU) and its Member States. However, journalists and other media actors in the EU face various challenges, including violence, threats and other forms of pressure, both direct and indirect.

Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime

The Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime entails an extension of the Cybercrime Convention’s scope, including its substantive, procedural and international cooperation provisions, so as to cover also offences of racist or xenophobic propaganda. Thus, apart from harmonising the substantive law elements of such behaviour, the Protocol aims at improving the ability of the ...

Transfrontier Television

The European Convention on Transfrontier Television was opened for signing on 5 May 1989 by the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers. It came into force on 1 May 1993. The Protocol amending the Convention was adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 September 1998 and was opened for acceptance by the Parties to ...

Study on hate speech

In October 2014, the National Council for Combating Discrimination (CNCD) published a comparative study on legislation sanctioning hate speech and discrimination in the member states of the European Union. The study can be found here.